Crop progress 6/25: Heat causes a surge in growth


There were 7 days suitable for field work last week. Pasture and range conditions were reported at 1 percent, very poor, 2 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 62 percent good and 19 percent excellent. A low temperature of 38 degrees F was reported in the northeast region, while a high temperature of 102 was reported in the southeast region. Statewide differentials ranged from 2 degrees below normal to 9 degrees above normal.

In the west, there was plenty of hot and dry weather. Many row crops benefitted from the heat, while pasture conditions dropped. The sudden heat caused a few operations to dry out, requiring irrigation. Strawberry and raspberry harvests were underway, with the heat causing a lot of the fruit to ripen quickly. Hay cuttings were progressing, with many nearly done with first cuttings. Overall, the weather shifted quickly from cold and wet to dry and hot.

In the central regions, dry and hot weather was paired with a bit of wind. Alfalfa and other hays were growing well, with second cutting just about to start. Sweet and Bing cherry harvests continued unabated. Apricots and raspberries were also harvested, while apple orchards were evaluated before harvest. Asparagus was harvested along with zucchini. Tomato and pepper fields began to bloom. Hops progressed higher as well. Overall, plenty of growth in the central region.

In the eastern region, the hot weather was excessive, reaching to more than 100 degrees in several parts. The extra heat caused a number of crops to mature much more quickly. Some operations harvested their timothy hay, with some of the harvested timothy fields replanted with late beans. Alfalfa, on the other hand, was plentiful and being cut. Cherries were also harvested in the east, with some reports indicating a decent yield. Winter wheat progressed nicely, especially due to the surge in heat with harvest predicted to begin in three weeks. However, the heat was stressful for some of the spring planted cereal crops. Some stripe rust remained, causing problems for a select number of fields and crops. Overall, the crops caught up and current prospects were looking good. Washington as a whole had a sudden surge in growth due to the change in the weather.

Washington crop conditions:

Winter wheat:
1% very poor
1% poor
15% fair
69% good
14% excellent

Spring wheat:
0% very poor
4% poor
28% fair
66% good
2% excellent

0% very poor
4% poor
18% fair
77% good
1% excellent

0% very poor
0% poor
17% fair
77% good
6% excellent

Dry, edible peas:
0% very poor
0% poor
17% fair
79% good
4% excellent

Washington crop progress:

Spring wheat headed:
63% this week
28% last week
82% last year
66% 5-year average

Winter wheat headed:
97% this week
84% last week
100% last year
98% 5-year average

Barley emerged:
96% this week
87% last week
100% last year
100% 5-year average

Barley headed:
44% this week
10% last week
82% last year
63% 5-year average

Oats emerged:
90% this week
78% last week
94% last year
NA 5-year average

Oats headed:
6% this week
4% last week
3% last year
NA 5-year average

Dry peas emerged:
96% this week
90% last week
100% last year
NA 5-year average

Alfalfa hay 1st cutting:
83% this week
76% last week
99% last year
86% 5-year average

Alfalfa hay 2nd cutting:
27% this week
8% last week
52% last year
18% 5-year average