Crop Progress Report 07/30: Dry weather persisted in Washington

From NASS

There were 7 days suitable for field work last week. Pasture and range conditions were reported at 11 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 40 percent fair, 26 percent good and 8 percen excellent. A low temperature of 45 degrees F was reported in the northeast region, while a high temperature of 102 was reported in the southeast region. Statewide differentials ranged from 1 degree below normal to 9 degrees above normal.

In the western region, nonirrigated operations continued to dry out due to the heat and lack of rain. Grass and hay were especially impacted by the dry weather. Berry operations were concerned about shrinkage due to the dry conditions. Raspberry harvest was slowing down while blackberry and blueberry harvest continued. Meanwhile, tree fruit operations appeared to be doing well with apples sizing up. Corn was showing signs of stress due to the dry weather. Tomatoes began to ripen, while other operations began to plant fall crops. Livestock were placed on supplemental feed due to declining pasture conditions. Overall, many operations depended on irrigation to endure the excessively dry conditions. However, some were concerned the delayed spring crop plantings were exposed too early to the extreme dry conditions.

In the central region, winter wheat and dry peas harvest continued with good harvest conditions. The winter wheat appeared to be on schedule with no significant changes or major deviations. Some barley that was previously thought lost might be recovered. Spring wheat appeared to be on schedule for harvest. Livestock appeared to be doing well. Peaches and nectarines were being harvested, while apple orchards were thinned. Grapes were growing well. Other smaller operations completed planting for fall crops, such as lettuce and radishes. Sweet corn, green beans, peppers, tomatoes, melons, and even some garlic were harvested. Hops were beginning to cone. Overall, the central region appeared to be doing well, with fewer concerns about the warm and dry weather impacting operations.

In the eastern region, hot and dry conditions were prevalent. Winter wheat appeared to be doing well with the heat. Meanwhile, some dry pea operations were not doing as well due to the heat during the blooming phase. Pasture conditions remained the same.

Washington crop conditions:

Winter wheat:
1% very poor
3% poor
15% fair
61% good
20% excellent

Spring wheat:
4% very poor
16% poor
37% fair
41% good
2% excellent

Barley:
3% very poor
12% poor
36% fair
48% good
1% excellent

Oats:
0% very poor
5% poor
57% fair
37% good
1% excellent

Dry, edible peas:
0% very poor
10% poor
36% fair
52% good
2% excellent

Washington crop progress:

Spring wheat harvested:
5% this week
2% last week
12% last year
16% 5-year average

Winter wheat harvested:
31% this week
18% last week
38% last year
43% 5-year average

Barley harvested:
3% this week
NA last week
9% last year
11% 5-year average

Oats headed:
39% this week
89% last week
NA last year
NA 5-year average

Oats harvested:
2% this week
1% last week
31% last year
NA 5-year average

Dry peas harvested:
48% this week
30% last week
56% last year
43% 5-year average

Alfalfa hay 2nd cutting:
83% this week
80% last week
88% last year
74% 5-year average

Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting:
17% this week
13% last week
38% last year
NA 5-year average

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