The National Agricultural Statistics Service released two important reports on Jan. 12 concerning Washington wheat growers.
The first report, the Annual Crop Summary Report, summarizes the 2022 crop year for all wheat, hay, potatoes and dry beans. All wheat planted in Washington totaled 2.33 million acres, down slightly from 2021. Harvested area, at 2.27 million acres, is up 2% from the previous year. Production totaled 144 million bushels, up 65% from 2021. Yield is estimated at 63.4 bushels per acre, up 24.3 bushels from the previous year. In Idaho, all wheat planted totaled 1.16 million acres, down 6% from 2021. Harvested area, at 1.08 million acres, is down 5% from the previous year. All wheat production totaled 93.5 million bushels, up 22 percent from the previous year. Yield is estimated at 86.8 bushels per acre, up 19.2 bushels from 2021. In Oregon, all wheat planted totaled 730,000 acres, up 1% from a year ago. Harvested area, at 720,000 acres, is up 2% from 2021. Production totaled 49 million bushels, up 54% from the previous year. Yield is estimated at 68 bushels per acre, up 23 bushels from 2021.
The second report looks ahead at the 2023 wheat crop. The report found that winter wheat seeding in the Northwest was up slightly from last year. Washington winter wheat growers seeded an estimated 1.80 million acres of winter wheat for harvest in 2023. This is down 3% from the area seeded in 2022 but 3% above 2021. Idaho growers seeded 770,000 acres of winter wheat for the 2023 crop, unchanged from 2022, but 8% above the 2021 crop. Oregon farmers planted 790,000 acres, up 8% from the 2022 crop and up 10% from 2021.
Across the U.S. planted winter wheat acres were up as well. Hard red winter wheat seeded area is expected to total 25.3 million acres, up 10% from 2022. Planted acreage is up from last year across most of the growing region. The largest increase in planted acreage is estimated in Texas, while North Dakota and South Dakota are estimated to be unchanged.
Soft red winter wheat seeded area totals 7.90 million acres, up 20% from last year. Compared with last year, the largest acreage increases are expected in Illinois and Missouri, while the largest acreage decreases are expected in Georgia and Wisconsin.
White winter wheat seeded area totals 3.73 million acres, up 3% from 2022. Seeding was virtually complete in the region by the end of October.